The 15th of the seventh month of the lunar calendar, together with the New Year’s Eve, Ching Ming Festival and Chung Yeung Festival, are the traditional festivals of ancestor worship in China and are also popular in Chinese character cultural circles. Taoists are called Zhongyuan Festival and Buddhists are called Yu Lan Pot Festival. Legend has it that July 14 is the day when hell ghost doors open and the deadline for ghosts wandering around the world to return to hell.. Therefore, the ancients arranged a festival for ghosts on July 15. On this day, every family set up offerings to sacrifice ancestors, and also offered offerings to wandering ghosts and ghosts without graves, giving them food, burning paper and money for them, so that they could have a’ ghost carnival’, and then return to hell happily and smoothly.. A festival has also been set up for ghosts, which shows that the ancients had good intentions, and were blessed with solitary bones.. The origin of Zhongyuan Festival is related to Taoism. There are three officials in Taoism, namely, Tianguan, Diguan and Shuiguan, which correspond to the so-called ” three yuan” of Chinese age. The birth dates of the three officials are the fifteenth day of the first month, the fifteenth day of July and the fifteenth day of October of the lunar calendar, respectively.. In the Tang Dynasty, these three days were called’ Shangyuan Festival’,’ Zhongyuan Festival’,’ and’ Xiayuan Festival’. All the temples dedicated to the worship of the Three Officials and the Great will hold grand celebrations, the so-called heavenly god blesses the people, the earth’s jurisdiction to forgive sins and the water officials to relieve Eritrea.. The first month is January, and the ancients called the night ” night” and the 15th is the first full moon night of the year. Therefore, the fifteenth day of the first month is called the Lantern Festival, also known as ” Shangyuan Festival.”. On the 15th of the 10th lunar month, it is the Chinese folk traditional festival of ” Xiayuan Festival”, also known as ” Xiayuan Day” and ” Xiayuan”. Mid – yuan festival, the 15th day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar, is commonly known as July and a half. Legend has it that the hell released all ghosts on that day, and folk generally performed sacrificial activities to ghosts. Every family that has a new funeral must go to a new grave, and generally offer sacrifices to ghosts and ghosts at the local level. Therefore, it is a festival centered on offering sacrifices to ghosts and ghosts and is the largest ghost festival in Chinese folk.. In the seventh month of the lunar calendar, the Chinese custom calls it ghost month, saying that the gate to the gate of hell is always open this month and ghosts can travel to the world.. The 14th of July is the heaviest Yin Qi day in Ghost Month. Legend has it that on the midnight of this day, staying in the wilderness will see the wonders of the night of ghosts. Hundreds of ghosts came up from the Naihe Bridge, and the ghost company lit red lanterns to lead them to the long-lost Yangjie.. So this night, should not go out. Southerners are used to burning paper money to commemorate their relatives during the traditional folk festival called ” Ghost Festival” in July and a half.. Of course, it is better to choose the 11th to 14th day of the first three and the last four days of the 15th day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar to give money to the deceased relatives and burn some paper money so that they will not be short of money in another world.. While squatting on the paper-burning line, you can think of the ordinary or extraordinary stories in their life. In my hometown of Yonghe, people also have the custom of burning paper and money for deceased elders and relatives during the 15th of July of the lunar calendar, also known as ” the half of July.”. Paper money is straw paper weighed according to catties from the market, and it is all Mingbi that has been chiseled, that is, wrapping more than ten pages of straw paper into a small bundle and wrapping it with white paper to make’ baggage’, which people call’ burn baggage’. From my mother’s living habits, my family usually chose a Saturday or Sunday before July 20 to work and live in the city with relatives from my hometown in the countryside to finish the sacrifice together.. The custom of ” burning baggage” in July has a long history. We grew up in the countryside, so we have had these experiences. Father was an old party member in the early days of liberation. Naturally, he always believed that this was a superstitious thing and never took part in family sacrifice activities.. When we were young, we were always led by our mother, and we gradually changed this activity into a habit. We all know the truth of’ all the virtues Filial Piety is First’,’ Sacrifice and Prosperity Is Better than Raising and Thinning’, and only when we grow up can we see the real meaning behind this’ Show to the Living’. The original paper-burning ceremony was also very interesting. One way is to miss the deceased relatives and give yourself a kind of peace of mind. The two relatives gathered together to have a big family reunion dinner and strengthen family unity and harmony.. For our office workers, they can also return to the natural environment where they grew up in childhood in the countryside, relax their mood and stretch their bones and muscles. For children, it is not a good thing for them to increase their recognition of their hometown.. I remember that more than 30 years ago, all my family chipped money and piled up more than a dozen pieces of straw paper. I held a small iron like a temple wall clock hanging on my left hand and put it on the paper. When my right hand picked up the hammer and smashed it down, the mark of copper coins appeared on the straw paper.. At last, copper coins were neatly and densely arranged on the toilet paper, and the Mingbi coins were made. Now, it seems that the machines are drilling holes, and people are willing to buy ready-made ones, perhaps even those that have already been wrapped in white paper can be written when they are taken home.. Writing on the bag is a bit like sending letters from the sun to the grave. I remember when I went to junior high school, the adults in my family asked me to ” write baggage” and what words I wrote, roughly remember some of them. On the back of the parcel was a white paper with a big’ seal’ written on the front, with the’ auspicious day’ written on the top right, with the middle word slightly larger for men’ so the ancestors took an examination of a certain male elder person’ and’ so the ancestors took an examination of a certain mother’s old Confucian person’ for women’, and the’ so the ancestors took an examination of a certain male and a certain female elder Confucian person’ written on the joint burial’ so the ancestors took an examination of a certain male and a certain female elder Confucian person’ and’ the names of the filial sons and grandchildren in the lower left corner were all male children in the family, but can be dropped off.. The composition of the writing must naturally conform to Huang Tao. In my family, the ” user” of Mingbi has his father’s grandfather and grandmother, my grandfather and grandmother and my parents. As the mother is the only child in her maiden family, we will also be responsible for burning paper and money for the elders in the mother’s side.. When the baggage is written, it is sacrifice. In the morning, I bought meat, made some dishes, put them in the main room, put them on incense, and touched them for half a day. In the evening, the paper bags were transported to the ditch near the door of the house, dried straw was laid, and the paper bags were arranged according to a certain order, and everyone gathered together to burn paper money.. Finally brought some scattered paper money, scattered paper is for ghosts and ghosts, for fear that no one will steal it and burn some scattered money for them.. I think this is really human. After lighting straw and scattered paper, a cloud of smoke with fire appeared in the evening light smoke, sometimes getting bigger, sometimes getting smaller, and finally disappearing, thus completing the memorial ceremony of the living to the dead.. Now the city also has this custom. As a member of the Chinese Popular Literature and Art Research Association, I used to know only this custom and also practiced and participated in such a thing, but I never understood what the origin of this custom was.. After reading the forty’ paper money’ of the seal’s memorial regulations, I found it interesting to talk about the origin of this custom. I quote here: the funeral ceremony of this generation is to cut paper money, accumulate money for mountains, add decorations and make a scene to lead coffins.. According to, the ancient people enjoyed the sacrifice of ghosts and gods with Guibi coins and silks, and when things finished, they buried them.. Descendants, since they treasure money and goods, will die with money. According to the regulations of the Han Dynasty, ” stealing money from the Filial Piety Garden” is also true.. Rate is easy to simplify, more paper money. Paper was made by Cai Lun of the Later Han Dynasty, and it has only happened since the Wei and Jin Dynasties.. Today, since the kings and princes caught the horses and ordinary people, they have passed away. All ghosts and gods take their likeness, and still paint cars and spirits, etc.. Buried silks in ancient times, paper and money are burned today, so I don’t know what God has done. Painting cars, that is, painting cars made of mud as gold and jade, silage and spirit, is a team made of thatched grass, all of which are funeral objects.. Modern funerals seem to be made of paper or wood or bamboo, and of course they are painted and beautifully done.. It is said that there are not only BMW but also mistresses among them. This is really confusing the evolutionary direction of human civilization. More interesting is the legend that the yin qi is the most abundant during the ghost festival every year, and the gate to the gate of the gate of hell will be open to the sun. If you put the brazier at the door at 2: 30 am on the night of Ghost Festival, and put twelve mirrors around the house facing the brazier, you will burn the paper till 3: 30 am. Three minutes before three o’clock, you can really see the gates of the underworld by washing your eyes with clear water three times! On Qingming Day, there are also records of burning paper and money. In the 58th round of the regulations on a dream of red mansions, the maid lotus root officer, who was born to learn drama, secretly hid behind the rockery to burn paper and money on the clear day, almost causing a flesh disaster, thanks to Jia Baoyu to cover it up for her. Bao – yu inquired about Fang Guan afterwards, only to know that ” what she sacrificed was a dead medicine official”. She was pleased and sad and praised the magic way. ” Having said that, I have a word for you to tell her: Never burn paper in the future, it was a heresy of future generations, not Confucius’ teachings.”. When the time comes and when the festival is held, only one incense burner is prepared, and one heart is devout, one can sense it.. ‘ People’s Literature Edition’s participation in a Dream of Red Mansions regulations does not have’ Confucius’s teachings’ and’ greetings’, and it seems that this should not come from Baoyu, who hates reading classics. However, there is no record of burning paper in the search for ” three rites” and in the annotation of various families, and this custom still prevailing in the folk society is a problem of divergence between the literature and folk legends as to who invented it and why it was invented.. In Zhejiang Province, there is a legend about the origin and regulations of ghost money, saying that paper money was invented by Zhu Yuanzhang of Ming Taizu. It turned out that the local people all enshrined the ancestral spirit tablet in a square box at the top of the main house, called the’ god hall’. After each sacrifice, they will throw in some pieces of silver for their ancestors to enjoy in Sheol. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang started fighting against Yuan Dynasty, and due to lack of military resources, he’ borrowed’ all the money from the God Hall of the family to pay the army and promised to return it in the future.. After Zhu Yuanzhang became emperor, he was not able to pay for his debts, so he built a large number of tinfoil to show that it was used by the grave to repay debts.. Since then, paper money has become a substitute for real money when the people drink offerings to ancestors.. Although this legend does not conform to historical facts, some people think it can at least explain the reason for the invention of paper money. According to the regulations of Song Wang Yinglin’s participation in the study of poverty, Ouyang Zi said that the five generations of gifts were bad and that paper and money were burned due to cold food offerings.. The case paper money began in the 26th year of Kaiyuan, and Wang Mei prayed or burned paper money for the shrine sacrifice. It was not from the 5th generation.. That is to say, paper money began in the 26th year of Tang Kaiyuan ( 738 ) and was invented by Wang Mei of Tang Xuanzong. This kind of time and character statement has been cited many times by textual critics in the Song and Ming dynasties.. But check the history, not necessarily so. Wang Mei, who was born in an official family, attacked the ritual less. Because Xuanzong believed in Shinto, he set up a set of ritual offerings for offering sacrifices to ghosts and gods, and was promoted to be a shrine sacrifice envoy to preside over such activities.. The basis for Wang Yinglin’s claim to be king was to take part in the old Tang Book & Bull. Wang meichuan” at the end of kaiyuan . ( meishi ) ) moved to dr taichang and Shi empire to serve as a shrine envoy. Mei dedicated herself to worshiping and praying, praying every line of the temple or burning paper money, praying and praying for blessings.. ‘ But join the new Tang Book & Bull; According to the regulations of Wang mei’s biography, ” since the Han dynasty, all funeral expenses have been buried with money. in later generations, money was used as a ghost in the customs, but it was used by Wang mei at the end of the day.” – Wang mei, deputy director of the central Committee of the central Committee of the central Committee of the central Committee of the central Committee of the central Committee of the communist party of China.. It can thus be seen that during the period from’ Han’ to’ Kaiyuan 26 years ago, the folk custom of offering sacrifices to ghosts and gods with paper and money was only incorporated into the official ceremony by Wang Mei.. Of course, it may be doubtful whether this paper money was used for sacrifice, but it may also be that the paper money started with Wang Mei.. Zhang Ji and Bai Juyi have already described cold food day and paper money in their poems and essays in the mid – Tang dynasty, and this kind of folk custom may be related to the government’s leadership.. Zhao Yi, a scholar in the Qing Dynasty, believed that paper money originated in the Wei and Jin Dynasties on three grounds: First, he took part in the regulations of Fayuan Zhulin and said that ” paper money originated from Yin Changshi” ( or Yin Hao in the Eastern Jin Dynasty – Editor’s Note ); Second, Hong Qingshan took part in Du Shi’s dialectic regulations, saying that paper money originated from Xiao Baojuan, the capital of Qi and Dong in the south.. This person is good at ghosts and gods, but he is reluctant to sacrifice silks and silk in accordance with the ancient ritual, so paper-cut is replaced by money. Third, he participated in the regulations of Feng Shi’s hearing and recording, saying that ” paper money has existed since Wei and Jin, but it has not been used since the kings and nobles came to the society.”. The author of this book was born in Tang Dezong, not far from the Six Dynasties, and what he saw and heard should be based on it. Therefore, there seems to be no doubt that paper money originated in the Wei and Jin Dynasties.. Approachable Yellowstone also agrees with this statement and believes that Yin Changshi and Xiao Baojuan were the first two dignitaries to adopt this slang style. It is also said that paper money began in the Eastern Han Dynasty. It is said that Cai Lunxian soaked the bamboo with hard head spring into pulp and drafted it with linen cloth to make straw paper, which is very popular.. Later, water bamboo was used as the raw material, and the color of the paper made was white. As a result, straw paper was overstocked..Deng Tong, Cai Lun’s partner, made an idea to ask Cai Lun to lie dead in the coffin, and he himself burned straw paper to cry and drink, attracting people to watch.. Finally, Cai Lun’s ” living” turned around and said that he used straw paper as money in the nether world to buy ghost soldiers and was put back into ” the sun” at such a time.. Of course, folk stories cannot be regarded as history of faith. However, some people pointed out that they participated in Han Dynasty & Bull. According to the regulations of Zhang Tang, there is a record that ” people will steal money from filial piety Wen Yuan”. This kind of ” Mingbi” used in Sheol may be ” Yang Shi” circulating copper money, or it may be made of cloth or clay. Therefore, the appearance of paper money may not be impossible in the Eastern Han Dynasty, where papermaking technology developed. Song Gaocheng took part in the notes to the original regulations of the discipline of things, saying that ” Han buried people have paper money, meaning they buried money in the pool late and used it for the dead”; The ” burning paper money for funeral sacrifices, starting from the old money of the Han Dynasty” in the regulations of participating in Ai Ri Zhai Cong Chao all refer to paper money as existing in the Han Dynasty, which does not seem to be a fallacy in terms of reason.. Despite the differences between the times and characters, all the above-mentioned theories hold that the prototype of paper money should be practical coins buried in the tomb with the deceased and cloth and silk used for sacrifice. As for the reason why paper money replaced real money, various opinions can be roughly classified as follows: First, the evolution of sacrifice ceremony. The original sacrifices were made in kind, but later gradually evolved into virtual objects similar in shape, such as pottery figurines replacing human sacrifice, mud and wood chariots replacing real cars and horses, and paper money also came into being.. Second, as sacrifice activities become more and more complicated, the money of the parties is not enough, so paper money is used instead of real money, which has gradually become a popular trend.. Third, real money is easy to be coveted by scoundrels, which is the main reason for causing grave robberies. Instead of money, paper can avert disaster for the dead.. In addition, according to folklore, Cai Lun advocated replacing money with paper in order to promote inferior paper, which is barely enough. Others believe that from the real money in-kind funeral ceremony to the appearance of paper Mingbi, it has experienced a long process of development, in which many anonymous’ wisdom’ was absorbed and a variety of factors were mixed.. Therefore, the custom of burning paper thread will probably be a mystery that will never be solved.. In this way, the 15th day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar is commonly known as ghost festival. the day when some parts of southern China burned paper and money for the deceased ancestors is deeply rooted in folk customs, far exceeding people’s imagination now.. Entering the information network era, there will be more far-reaching significance in the future. Today’s custom of ” burning baggage” is confirmed by poetry: filial piety to children returning to their homeland, worship to ancestors on July 15th; Buy ghost country money countless, earth burial fire foaming at the mouth of the earth. Today, on the fifteenth day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar, my brothers and sisters gathered together to continue the custom of burning baggage in July in memory of my father, mother and deceased ancestors.! This is a record of the paper burning custom on July 15.