To what extent is the old man’s lipid-lowering?
Hyperlipidemia is an important factor leading to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Among them, the levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein in blood lipids are elevated, and the incidence and mortality of coronary heart disease are also possible.
Lowering blood lipids can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction and stroke.
But what is the right level of lipid-lowering?
Is it as low as possible?
Blood lipids are a neutral minority in the human body, including plasma, triglycerides and lipids, which are physiological substances that are not metabolizable by the human body.
It is fully involved in the production and storage of energy, and is also the raw material for the synthesis of adrenocortical hormones, androgens and estrogens.
If the blood lipid level is too low, some physiological activities of the body will be affected.
Studies have shown that for the elderly, diabetes is not as low as possible, and older people over 70 years of age have plasma levels below 4.
At 16 mmol/L, the risk and plasma levels were higher than 6.
24 mmol / liter is equivalent.
Although the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage decreased with decreasing serum cholesterol levels, serum dialysis rate decreased by 3.
At 64 mmol/L, the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage is higher and life is shortened.
The level of blood lipids in middle-aged and elderly people should be maintained, and they should be combined with their health.
For patients with coronary heart disease and other local atherosclerosis, and there is no risk factors for coronary heart disease such as hypertension, diabetes, and other family history of disease, the optimal range of total cholesterol in blood lipids is 5.
6 mmol/L, low density lipoprotein should be less than 3.
6 mmol/L; if there is a risk factor for coronary heart disease, but no history of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis, serum total cholesterol should be less than 5.
2 mmol/L, low density lipoprotein should be less than 3.
12 mmol/L; the total plasma of patients with coronary heart disease should be less than 4.
Low density lipoprotein should be less than 2.
6 mmol/L; diabetics have multiple glucose metabolism abnormalities, and lipid metabolism is abnormal. Hyperglycemia often coexists with various risk factors such as blood lipids, blood pressure and obesity.
Experts pointed out that if diabetics simply control blood sugar, they can only reduce the occurrence of complications such as eyes and kidneys, and can not reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease.
Only by controlling blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipids at the same time can the development of diabetic cardiovascular disease be prevented.
Therefore, the level of blood lipid control in diabetic patients should be the same as that in patients with coronary heart disease.
When blood lipids rise, there is often no feeling, but the harm is extremely great. Therefore, the average person should check at least once a year; and those who are known to have high blood lipids should be 3?
Check it once every 6 months.
In the process of using drugs to reduce fat, do not blindly pursue low cholesterol, and drop it to a certain level.